An Effect (Three Photographs)
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This narrow depth of field effect can be obtained with more than one type of lens. Here I used a 105mm at F 2.8, but I could have used a wide-angle lens at the same aperture and cropped more significantly than was the case with the 105mm and had the same result if not better. Aperture and F stops are confusing for everyone. Most of the time what we want is a pleasantly out of focus background or to avoid an overly out of focus background. In both cases keep in mind that the background will be more out of focus and painterly (Bokeh) if you are much closer to your subject than to the background.